Hemorrhoids are generally defined as swollen veins in the rectal and anal canal. This usual health problem is painful, but not fatal.

Veins can be swollen in the interior of the anal canal to form internal bleeding or hemorrhoids. Also, they can be swollen near the aperture of the anal hole to form external bleeding. You can acquire either kind at the same time. The signs and diagnosis are based on what kind of hemorrhoid you have.

The major cause of hemorrhoids is extreme tension or pressure in the anal and rectal region. Commonly, inner anal tissue is filled with blood to aid with bowel movements. If you put pressure to discard bowels, the tension can cause the anal canal to stretch, tear and be swollen causing hemorrhoids.

Sometimes, hemorrhoids can be caused by diarrhea or constipation. These health conditions can also put extra tension in the anal canal.

Pregnant women are likely to experience hemorrhoids during the last quarter of pregnancy. This is due to the added tension on the blood veins in the thighs. During labor, when a woman is pushing the baby out, hemorrhoid can also occur.

Also, it is noted that obese persons are more likely to get hemorrhoids than those with normal weight.
The most common signs and symptoms of both inner and outer hemorrhoids are:

1. Bleeding during bowel movements. You might observe that your bowels have smeared blood, or the toilet paper is tinted with blood.

2. Prickling sensation in the anal region.

3. Pain in the rectal area.

In inner hemorrhoids, a blood-tinted bowel movement can occur. You can see red smudges of blood on the toilet paper or vivid red blood in the toilet bowl after you discarded your wastes.

Inner hemorrhoids are usually small, inflamed blood veins in the lining of the anal canal. However, they can be sometimes large, slumping veins that lump out of your anus all the time. If you have this kind of hemorrhoid, it can be painful if they lump out and are pressured by the rectal muscles. Pain is experienced if the blood supply to the hemorrhoid is blocked. If you have a sagging hemorrhoid, you can also observe mucus on your stool.

Internal hemorrhoids often are small, swollen veins in the wall of the anal canal. But they can be large, sagging veins that bulge out of the anus all the time. They can be painful if they bulge out and are squeezed by the anal muscles. They may be very painful if the blood supply to the hemorrhoid is cut off. If hemorrhoids bulge out, you also may see mucus on the toilet paper or stool.

On the other hand, external or outer hemorrhoid can also bleed, leading to a rigid painful bulge. This is clinically called as a thrombosed anal vein, or generally a hemorrhoid.

Although hemorrhoid is not fatal, this is a condition which you should not ignore completely. Most hemorrhoids can be a sign of a more serious problem such as cancer of the colon, anus and intestine.


All About Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are generally enlarged or inflamed blood vessels in the posterior rectal region. The most usual symptoms of hemorr-hoids are rectal bleeding, blistering, pain and itchiness.
Hemorrhoids can be internal (situated inside the posterior lower rectum) or external (beneath the skin around the anus). These two kinds of hemorr-hoids may occur at the same time.

Some common symptoms of hemorrhoids are the following:

1. Rectal bleeding
2. Irritation
3. Bulging out of the skin (a hemorrhoid) from the rectum
4. Leakage of stool

Usually, rectal bleeding does not impose pain, all throughout the bowel movement. This is a very common symptom of hemorrhoids. After the bowel movement, you may observe that there are bright red blood smudges on the feces or in the toilet paper after cleaning the anus. The quantity of blood is fairly small. However, even a little amount of blood can cause the toilet water to look like vivid red and can be alarming to the person.

Less commonly, bleeding may be serious. In very rare cases, critical blood loss from rectal bleeding may result to anemia, causing weakness, exhaustion, or other related warning signs.

Without a clinical diagnosis, it is very unlikely to discover the real origin of the rectal bleeding. So, everyone with this symptom should undergo a medical exam performed by a doctor or at least a licensed medical practitioner.

Hemorrhoids can cause irritation and itching of the affected skin around the anal area. Itching can be a result of a mixture of various factors, such as the following:

1. Internal hemorrhoids can permit leakage of stool that can be itchy and irritating to the skin in the rectal area.

2. Over cleaning may irritate the skin in the rectal region.

3. Individuals with external hemorrhoids can develop minimal protrusion of the skin, commonly known as skin tags. These can often be not easy to keep clean, causing itchiness.

4. Inflammation of hemorr-hoids can cause itchiness and inflammation.

On the other hand, pain may develop in persons who have thrombosis or coagulated blood within the hemorrhoid. This can happen within either external or internal hemorrhoids. Clotted external hemorr-hoids are of color plum bulge. When the skin around the rectal area becomes swollen, severe pain can be experienced.

Coagulated internal hemorrhoids may also cause pain, even though commonly less extreme. Hardly ever, if the blood circulation to an internal hemorrhoid is educed, the hemorrhoid can become asphyxiated. Asphyxiation can result to severe pain, and the lessened blood flow can cause gangrene, wherein the affected skin is dead. This can be a fatal complication and needs urgent surgical treatment.

Hemorrhoids are more likely to form in individuals who are:

1. Strain to pass bowel movements

2. Have critical constipation, diarrhea or stomach ache.

3. Have the habit or routine of prolonged sitting or standing

4. Older

5. Pregnant

6. Have a pelvic tumor

To determine the real cause of hemorrhoids, your doctor or clinician will test your rectum and anus, and may insert a gloved tube or finger into the anus.