Cerebral Palsy Types was define by United Cerebral Palsy as a “group of chronic conditions” which affects the movement of the body and the coordination of its different muscles. Its existence is because the part of the brain which controls muscle movements has certain abnormalities. These abnormalities can be brought about by some problems during pregnancy.
Most of the children diagnosed with cerebral palsy were diagnosed in the age of 18 months. Although, this abnormality can already exist at the time of birth, it becomes evident or noticeable during two years old until three they are three. It would have to clear that cerebral palsy is not something which is transmissible nor progressing. There are different treatment options which could help patients to cope with it.
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Strokes (NINDS) estimates about 800,000 Americans, children and adult, to be affected with cerebral palsy. There are different types of cerebral palsy.
• Mild Cerebral Palsy
Those who are suffering from mild cerebral palsy types only have slight impairment, the symptoms are not that evident and usually not that noticeable. There would be cases when the child would remain undiagnosed with cerebral palsy, because it is not that obvious. The sad thing about it is that because it is barely noticeable, the possibility of treatment is also very slim.
They can be slightly affected physically, they could have problems lifting heavy items. You would also notice that mild cerebral palsy types patients would frequently use a particular side more often that the other. But the intelligence is not affected at all.
• Spastic Cerebral Palsy
This is the most common cerebral palsy types. It affects about 80 percent of all the cerebral palsy cases. There is damage on the motor cortex which would lead to tightness and stiffness of muscle or muscle groups. This would limit movement, for example, children would find it difficult to hold objects.
• Athetoid Cerebral Palsy
If spastic is the most common, athetoid covers about 10 percent of the cerebral palsy cases. The damage of the brain will be on the parts that coordinate body movements and at the same time maintains the posture of student. Those who have athetoid cerebral palsy would find that the face would experience involuntary movements. Speech is barely understandable and the food will be difficult to swallow. Aside form that, the person who is affected with this would also have problems with the survey.
• Ataxic Cerebral Palsy
This would a more rare form of cerebral palsy types, about 5 to 10 percent of the total number of cerebral palsy patients are affected with this. Those who have this kind of cerebral palsy would experience poor muscle tone and development. Coordination would be very difficult too. They also tend to have a very shaky grip.
• Mixed Cerebral Palsy
Just like what the name is, it is about the combination of other cerebral palsy types. The most common mix would be the spastic cerebral palsy typesand at the same athetoid cerebral palsy. Those who are suffering from this would not have any particular type of cerebral palsy, therefore their symptoms can also be mixed. The spastic cerebral palsy tend to be more visible, especially if the child will reach the age of nine months.
About 10 percent of cerebral palsy patients have this.
There are different cerebral palsy types and if we think that an important individual is showing signs based on the definition, then it would be for the best to get an expert opinion and help. Each type would have a treatment program more suitable for them.
Facts about Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy has been affecting children ever since there have been children. Though the condition is not very common, it is simply not a newly discovered disorder. The medical industry has started studying more about cerebral palsy in 1861. The initiative began when William John Little, an English orthopedics surgeon, published his research, which was the first to describe neurological problems in children diagnosed with spastic diplegia. Thus, up to this day, spastic diplegia is still often called Little’s Disease.
The word ‘cerebral palsy’ was coined by a British medical doctor named Sir William Osler during the late 1800s. Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud published the earliest psychological and medical paper about the condition. During those times, it was believed that the condition was rooted at obstetrical complications present since birth. However, Freud disagreed because he believed the condition might start as early as the brain’s initial development while still in the mother’s womb.
Currently, about two in every thousand newly born infants are diagnosed with cerebral palsy. In the United States alone, it is estimated that about 5,000 babies and toddlers are diagnosed with the condition every year. There are about 1,500 preschoolers who show symptoms of mild cerebral palsy at the same time. Overall, approximately 500,000 of the total US population show several degree of the condition.
Until this day, there is still no scientific and clear system for monitoring the condition’s occurrence. Thus, no one could be certain whether cerebral palsy incidence is declining, increasing, or staying at the same level. Determining actual cases worldwide is also problematic because in many parts of the world, many children are left undiagnosed.
Cerebral palsy does not fade away not is it cured. However, there are instances when a child is found with mild condition. In rare occasions, mild cerebral palsy patients recover before such children reach their pre-school years. In severe cases, cerebral palsy poses a lifetime of disability. Likewise, movement and other related problems would be affected. What the child could learn and do all throughout his life could also be altered and limited.
Most babies born with the condition usually take irregular posture. It could be noticed that such patients’ bodies could be simply stiff and floppy. There could be adjoining birth defects like small jawbone, spinal curvature, and small head. In many cases, basic symptoms get worse and more serious as the child starts to gets older. And alos some parents are unaware about presence of cerebral palsy in their kids. In general, babies before the first year of age start to show more prominent and sure signs of cerebral palsy.
Available medications or treatments for cerebral palsy could include muscle relaxants and Botox. Muscle relaxants could be of great help because they could provide an option to relax even the most contracted and stiffest muscles. Botulinum toxin type A or more commonly called as Botox among plastic surgeons are often injected into facial muscles to eliminate wrinkles. It could be used to treat cerebral palsy patients because they could relieve muscle contractures and spasms that are common to cerebral palsy patients.
Lastly, cerebral palsy is not contagious and it is not hereditary either. Thus, it could not be passed on to people like diseases. A cerebral palsy patient could have a normal life despite his handicap and have his own children. It is not likely that he could pass on the condition to his children. There are common risk factors, though, and most of those are associated to pregnancy conditions.