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Category: Cerebral Palsy Solution

Cerebral Palsy Risk Factors

Cerebral palsy is not a likely condition. That is because it is up to this day incurable. It is also staying in a patient as long as he lives. Unfortunately, cerebral palsy is diagnosed in some babies, often shortly after birth. The causes may still be not fully certain, but parents should be reminded that there certainly are cerebral palsy risk factors. It should be noted that many children who have the condition seem not to have any problem after birth or at least during development in their mothers’ wombs. What are the common risk factors that increase the possibility of cerebral palsy? Here are some of them.

The age of the mother during the pregnancy could have a strong influence on whether a child would develop cerebral palsy or not. In general, mothers who are above 40 years of age during the pregnancy are more likely to give birth to a baby who has cerebral palsy. Likewise goes for mothers who are younger than 20 years during pregnancy. Several studies have also pointed out that the age of the biological father of the baby could also be a risk factor. In many cases, a child born with the condition has a father whose age is younger than 20 years.

In the past, cerebral palsy had been referred to as black babies’ condition. This is because it has been observed that babies born within African-American ethnicity are more likely to develop the problem. However, these days, cerebral palsy is also affecting many white, European, and Asian children. It seems to never choose race nowadays.

Pregnant women with multiple babies are more likely to have at least one of those babies with cerebral palsy risk. The risk increases as the number of unborn babies in the uterus increases. It has also been found that if any of the babies die, the surviving babies could have a higher chance of developing the condition. This is more common among twins. If the other dies after birth, the remaining one has a greater possibility of having the condition.

Exposure of the pregnant mother to toxic substances could be considered a common cerebral palsy risk factor. Some of the toxic substances involved include mercury. Thus, pregnant mothers are always advised to live in a good and clean environment without any unnecessary pollutant. Otherwise, there could be a possibility that the baby would be diagnosed with cerebral palsy after birth.

Of course, the overall health of the mother could have a strong influence on the baby’s overall health as well. Mental retardation, seizures, and thyroid problems are usually some of the common problems pregnant women might have before they give birth to a baby with cerebral palsy. Again, it is best if the expecting mom would appropriately take care of her own health so she could also take care of her unborn child’s.

The order of birth is also being eyed these days as a possible cerebral palsy risk factor for development . It has been observed that babies who are first born to a couple could have greater chances of having the condition. The same goes for babies born fifth or much later to a couple. Blood type incompatibility between the infant and the mother is also identified as among those factors.

 

Cerebral Palsy Risk While Pregnant

The United Cerebral Palsy estimates that about 764,000 children and adults in the United States have symptoms of cerebral palsy. Every year, there are about 8,000 babies being diagnosed of having cerebral palsy. While there are about 1,200 to 1,500 children who are in preschool shows signs.

There are numerous factors that contribute on higher  cerebral palsy risk. Risk factors for cerebral palsy would include premature birth, low birth weight, inability of the placenta to provide sufficient nutrients and oxygen, blood type incompatibility between mother and baby, getting infected while being pregnant, bacterial infection, a long period of time during delivery that the baby is unable to get oxygen and sever jaundice after birth.

These are risk factors, meaning these do not necessarily lead to cerebral palsy but the chances could be high for the baby to have it. Looking at it, the risk factors are events that could happen during pregnancy or during the birth of the child. Which makes healthy pregnancy really important.

Having infections during pregnancy is something that you would have to be prepared to avoid. There are three major maternal infections that needs to be avoided, and the good news is that they could be readily avoided.

German measles– vaccination is important prior to pregnancy. This could have serious effects on the baby like brain damage and jaundice.

Toxoplasmosis – these parasites are commonly found in soil and in cat feces. Washing and cooking food thoroughly would help avoid this kind of infection. It is important to address any symptoms that could be like flu, cause this is the symptom of toxoplasmosis. If not addressed, it can lead to inflammation ad brain damage and jaundice.

Urinary tract infection or kidney infection- every woman has high chances of getting a urinary tract infection (UTI). Developing UTI while in pregnancy is dangerous since it could also have a hand of high blood pressure.

If you are pregnant and you think you one of these mentioned infections, then it is very important to get medical attention. Some infections would have very simple treatment, but its effects have long-term and even grave impact on the baby.

Physical trauma that a mother experienced while in pregnancy could also cause brain damage to the baby. Severe traumatic incident could involve car accident, physical abuse or any similar physical trauma. This could have serious effect on the baby. It is also important for a mother to increase the intake of nutritious and healthy food. Drugs and alcohol use is best to be avoided during pregnancy.

What about mothers who have cerebral palsy themselves?

If you have cerebral palsy and intends to start planning for a family, then it is important to understand its effects on pregnancy. Pregnancy makes the effects of cerebral palsy even worse. It is important to practice a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy. If you have medications to take, then make sure that your physician knows about it and if would be good for the baby. Exercise regularly so you can cope with the increasing body weight because of being pregnant. Aside from that, exercise is said to help or prepare a mother for the delivery.

There are many preventive programs that pregnant women can join or learn from. Pregnancy is a very important and dangerous stage for both the mother and the child. We hope you will have a happy family and would be able to take necessary precaution against risk factors of cerebral palsy.

 

Cerebral Palsy Solution

Cerebral paralysis is also known as CP for short. The condition was discovered by the British surgeon named William Little in 1860. His discovery led to the study and formulation of theories with regards to asphyxia at birth as the main cause of the problem. It is one of the most prevalent yet enigmatic disorders known in the medical world today is cerebral palsy, but hoping to get a glimpse into cerebral palsy will help people understand why it happens and what can be done to deal with it.

But it was only in 1897 that famed psychoanalyst and now the Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud pushed for the idea that a difficult birthing is not the true cause of cerebral paralysis. Then a neurologist, Freud said that the problem may have been a symptom and an effect of a far more complex problem on fetal development. He was right and the condition is one of the effects of what is called cerebral palsy.

 

The Cause of Cerebral Palsy

But despite the years of research and the ongoing debate on the subject, no one still knows even now what exactly causes cerebral palsy. Nothing is ever certain when it comes to this problem. This is despite the fact that a lot of findings point fingers to problems caused by a lack of oxygen during fetal development. Some also include exposure to radiation, internal infection during pregnancy and trauma in the brain during childbirth and delivery as some of the other causes of cerebral palsy.

However, these are just some of the causes but are not necessarily the main and primary reasons for cerebral-palsy. No less than 50% of all children born prematurely are believed to develop cerebral palsy upon their delivery. Medical experts believe that premature infants are vulnerable to cerebral-palsy, in part because their organs have not yet fully developed when they were born, thus increasing the risk of hypoxic injury due to the lack of oxygen circulation to the brain that is largely responsible for those studied with cerebral palsy.

 

Common Types of Cerebral Palsy

There are basically three common types of cerebral palsy, first is the spastic where someone with spastic cerebral-palsy does not have the capacity to relax their muscles or may even be stiff. Next is Athetoid, for which those with this type of cerebral-palsy affects the patient’s ability to control their muscles, which is usually characterized by the patient’s hands and feet fluttering uncontrollably.

And the one with ataxic cerebral palsy has problems with balance and coordination. Cerebral-palsy ranges from mild to severe cases, which may be characterized by the amount or degree of brain trauma or damage of the patient, however, is not generally conclusive about the actual cause of cerebral-palsy.

Neurologists are the primary specialists that deal with patients afflicted with cerebral palsy, through which patients are commonly diagnosed with the analysis and assessment of the patient’s nervous system. For young patients, especially for children with cerebral palsy, they are most commonly treated by pediatric neurologists.

 

The Treatment Solution

Treatment for young patients with cerebral palsy may also undergo therapeutic treatment by a pediatric orthopedist that will be responsible for handling problems with joints and bones. This is followed up with treatment from a developmental pediatrician, who usually monitors how young cerebral palsy patients throughout their developmental stage and by a pediatric physciatrist who treats children with disabilities.

So basically this is a good glimpse into cerebral-palsy that may provide us with key and important information regarding cerebral-palsy and how to better understand it.

 

Why Malnutrition is Common in Children with Cerebral Palsy?

Children with cerebral palsy do not only have problems with their motor skills. This can, actually, be defined or referred to as insufficient growth and development. Children with cerebral-palsy would often experience difficulty in eating. Difficulties would include unable to swallow, hyperactive gag reflex, and inability to control feeding. These challenges could be factors on why most children with cerebral-palsy are malnourished.

There are several issues or reasons why children with cerebral palsy find it difficult to eat. For example, the mouth and the throat of a person could be affected by cerebral-palsy making it difficult for patients to eat. Others would find it difficult to control their tongue. In some cases these could end up choking the patient when their food is directed towards on the tracheas down to the lungs.

There are also some who does not want to be touched on the face, lips and mouth. This could also affect whenever you are feeding the patient. Because of the numerous problems on feeding, it takes a while before children with cerebral palsy would finish their food. A longer time and process of feeding would totally tire the children; therefore more calories were being burned.

There are researches from the University of California, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, showing the malnutrition has become a common problem among patients of cerebral palsy. In the research, it was stated that in severe cases of cerebral-palsy, malnutrition is evident. But in less severe cases of cerebral palsy, malnutrition is barely noticeable.

 

What is malnutrition in children?

Malnutrition is a condition where the body does not gain enough vitamins, nutrients and minerals that the body needs. Malnutrition is not only about being undernourished, there are also cases of malnutrition where the body is over nourished.

Lack of nutrition while the baby is undergoing fetal development can be a risk factor for cerebral palsy. If the baby is not getting enough nutrition, there could be problems with the brain development. Therefore, even if the baby is still in the stomach, it is very important to eat foods that will provide sufficient vitamins and nutrients. This would help lessen the risk of any abnormalities.

It is important to treat or address malnutrition immediately. When unnoticed and unattended, malnutrition could even lead to making their conditions worse and in worst cases, could even lead to death.

 

What can we do about it?

There are different ways to address malnutrition for cerebral palsy patients. It may be necessary for parents to give nutritional supplements. A speech therapist is also somebody who can help about malnutrition . A speech therapist helps the patient to have more control with the mouth muscles. This would help the individual to intake more food.

Treatment could also involve the use of support systems and other devices. For example, there are surgical procedures that can done like inserting gastronomy tubes which would allow the children to have more feeding. For those children who are finding it hard to grasp other objects, larger eating utensils can be given to them so that would be able to wait for the laptop.

There are about 35% of children with cerebral palsy who are malnourished. This is a very important issue and needs to be addressed. Problems like this with feeding and nutrition can even worsen the children’s condition.

 

Cerebral Palsy Types and Facts About It

Cerebral Palsy Types was define by United Cerebral Palsy as a “group of chronic conditions” which affects the movement of the body and the coordination of its different muscles. Its existence is because the part of the brain which controls muscle movements has certain abnormalities. These abnormalities can be brought about by some problems during pregnancy.

Most of the children diagnosed with cerebral palsy were diagnosed in the age of 18 months. Although, this abnormality can already exist at the time of birth, it becomes evident or noticeable during two years old until three they are three. It would have to clear that cerebral palsy is not something which is transmissible nor progressing. There are different treatment options which could help patients to cope with it.

The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Strokes (NINDS) estimates about 800,000 Americans, children and adult, to be affected with cerebral palsy. There are different types of cerebral palsy.

• Mild Cerebral Palsy

Those who are suffering from mild cerebral palsy types only have slight impairment, the symptoms are not that evident and usually not that noticeable. There would be cases when the child would remain undiagnosed with cerebral palsy, because it is not that obvious. The sad thing about it is that because it is barely noticeable, the possibility of treatment is also very slim.

They can be slightly affected physically, they could have problems lifting heavy items. You would also notice that mild cerebral palsy types patients would frequently use a particular side more often that the other. But the intelligence is not affected at all.

• Spastic Cerebral Palsy

This is the most common cerebral palsy types. It affects about 80 percent of all the cerebral palsy cases. There is damage on the motor cortex which would lead to tightness and stiffness of muscle or muscle groups. This would limit movement, for example, children would find it difficult to hold objects.

• Athetoid Cerebral Palsy

If spastic is the most common, athetoid covers about 10 percent of the cerebral palsy cases. The damage of the brain will be on the parts that coordinate body movements and at the same time maintains the posture of student. Those who have athetoid cerebral palsy would find that the face would experience involuntary movements. Speech is barely understandable and the food will be difficult to swallow. Aside form that, the person who is affected with this would also have problems with the survey.

• Ataxic Cerebral Palsy

This would a more rare form of cerebral palsy types, about 5 to 10 percent of the total number of cerebral palsy patients are affected with this. Those who have this kind of cerebral palsy would experience poor muscle tone and development. Coordination would be very difficult too. They also tend to have a very shaky grip.

• Mixed Cerebral Palsy

Just like what the name is, it is about the combination of other cerebral palsy types. The most common mix would be the spastic cerebral palsy typesand at the same athetoid cerebral palsy. Those who are suffering from this would not have any particular type of cerebral palsy, therefore their symptoms can also be mixed. The spastic cerebral palsy tend to be more visible, especially if the child will reach the age of nine months.
About 10 percent of cerebral palsy patients have this.

There are different cerebral palsy types and if we think that an important individual is showing signs based on the definition, then it would be for the best to get an expert opinion and help. Each type would have a treatment program more suitable for them.

 

Facts about Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy has been affecting children ever since there have been children. Though the condition is not very common, it is simply not a newly discovered disorder. The medical industry has started studying more about cerebral palsy in 1861. The initiative began when William John Little, an English orthopedics surgeon, published his research, which was the first to describe neurological problems in children diagnosed with spastic diplegia. Thus, up to this day, spastic diplegia is still often called Little’s Disease.

The word ‘cerebral palsy’ was coined by a British medical doctor named Sir William Osler during the late 1800s. Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud published the earliest psychological and medical paper about the condition. During those times, it was believed that the condition was rooted at obstetrical complications present since birth. However, Freud disagreed because he believed the condition might start as early as the brain’s initial development while still in the mother’s womb.

Currently, about two in every thousand newly born infants are diagnosed with cerebral palsy. In the United States alone, it is estimated that about 5,000 babies and toddlers are diagnosed with the condition every year. There are about 1,500 preschoolers who show symptoms of mild cerebral palsy at the same time. Overall, approximately 500,000 of the total US population show several degree of the condition.

Until this day, there is still no scientific and clear system for monitoring the condition’s occurrence. Thus, no one could be certain whether cerebral palsy incidence is declining, increasing, or staying at the same level. Determining actual cases worldwide is also problematic because in many parts of the world, many children are left undiagnosed.

Cerebral palsy does not fade away not is it cured. However, there are instances when a child is found with mild condition. In rare occasions, mild cerebral palsy patients recover before such children reach their pre-school years. In severe cases, cerebral palsy poses a lifetime of disability. Likewise, movement and other related problems would be affected. What the child could learn and do all throughout his life could also be altered and limited.

Most babies born with the condition usually take irregular posture. It could be noticed that such patients’ bodies could be simply stiff and floppy. There could be adjoining birth defects like small jawbone, spinal curvature, and small head. In many cases, basic symptoms get worse and more serious as the child starts to gets older. And alos some parents are unaware about presence of cerebral palsy in their kids. In general, babies before the first year of age start to show more prominent and sure signs of cerebral palsy.

Available medications or treatments for cerebral palsy could include muscle relaxants and Botox. Muscle relaxants could be of great help because they could provide an option to relax even the most contracted and stiffest muscles. Botulinum toxin type A or more commonly called as Botox among plastic surgeons are often injected into facial muscles to eliminate wrinkles. It could be used to treat cerebral palsy patients because they could relieve muscle contractures and spasms that are common to cerebral palsy patients.

Lastly, cerebral palsy is not contagious and it is not hereditary either. Thus, it could not be passed on to people like diseases. A cerebral palsy patient could have a normal life despite his handicap and have his own children. It is not likely that he could pass on the condition to his children. There are common risk factors, though, and most of those are associated to pregnancy conditions.